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Dry Eye After Menopause

Dry Eye Disease is a common eye condition – studies show that nearly 20% of North Americans middle aged and older suffer from dry eye disease. The probability of you developing dry eye if you are a woman, and older than 50, increases. Hormonal changes that older women undergo make it much more likely that they will suffer from dry eye as they age, including symptoms such as blurry vision and irritation of the eyes, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

What are the biological changes that happen during menopause which affect your eyes? The tear film in the eyes relies on certain chemical signals to remain stable, and these signals get disrupted during and after menopause. Some doctors believe that androgen, a hormone implicated in menopause, may be the culprit causing dry eye problems for menopausal women. Eyes may become inflamed, which leads to decreased tear production, and possibly dry eye disease. Add in a dry environment and many medications and the risk factors for menopausal women increases exponentially.

Treatments for Dry Eye in Menopausal Women

Estrogen hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is sometimes used to treat menopausal symptoms, as the female hormone estrogen is one of the hormones that decreases during and after menopause. However, studies have shown that this treatment does not relieve symptoms of dry eye.

Refractive Eye Surgery

Refractive eye surgery, such as LASIK and PRK, may not be advised if you are 40 or older, and have dry eye disease. These procedures can affect nerve function in your cornea (the clear surface of your eye), which could worsen your dry eye problem. If you want to have a consultation regarding LASIK or PRK, it’s important that your eye doctor know about your dry eye condition. In that case, your eye doctor will know to do the appropriate tests to make sure that there is enough moisture in your eyes for laser vision correction.

There are other health conditions that are associated with dry eye and aging. These conditions include thyroid autoimmune disease, and rheumatoid arthritis. If you suffer from dry eye, make sure your doctor screens you for these diseases.

Allergies may cause eye inflammation, and may be the cause of your dry eye. Prescription and over-the-counter eye drops might relieve your dry eye and allergy problem. Your eye doctor will advise you as to which eye drops would be best for you.

Sometimes commonly prescribed medications can worsen, or even cause, dry eyes. Some of these medications are antidepressants and diuretics, which are often prescribed if you have a heart condition. Make sure to talk about this with your doctor if you suspect that one of the medications you are taking may be causing your dry eye problems. Perhaps changing your medication will be as effective, and won’t cause dry eye disease.

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Our office will be opening on Monday, May 18th. We will be following all CDC guidelines as well as those recommended by our National and State Organizations including the KOA and AOA as well as the Governor of Kentucky. We will be adding to our protocol to ensure the safety of our patients and staff. Due to the recommendations, we are following, all patients will need to call from the parking lot when they arrive. We will ask you if you are running a fever, or have symptoms of COVID-19. We may even take your temperature to keep for our records. We will ask that you remain in your car until we notify you to come to our office.

All patients entering the building must wear a mask or face covering.

We ask for your patience over the next few months as we work to get our patients rescheduled that had to be canceled during the closure. We will not be working at full capacity for some time and realize this will most likely cause delays in getting people rescheduled. We will also not be taking walk-in patients and ask that you please call if you need to be seen to set up an appointment. Please know that we are doing everything we can to take care of our patients during these difficult times.

You now can order contacts from the convenience of your home on our website by clicking here.
If you do not know your current prescription, please email us at dr.glenn0180@gmail.com or call us at 859-271-6194.
If you have insurance you would like to use, you will need to call us and we will be happy to place the order for you and submit it to your insurance.

Thank you and we look forward to seeing you all soon,

Dr. Jason Glenn and Staff